Frequently Asked Qestions

Drone is a layman terminology for Unmanned Aircraft (UA). There are three subsets of Unmanned Aircraft, a) Remotely Piloted Aircraft, b) Autonomous Aircraft and c) Model Aircraft.

An aircraft and its associated elements, which are operated with no pilot on board is called as Unmanned Aircraft System (UAS).

RPAS is one subset of UAS. A remotely piloted aircraft (RPA), its associated remote pilot station(s), the required command and control links and any other components, as specified in the type design.

Civil RPA is categorized in accordance with MTOW (including payload) as indicated below:

Nano Less than or equal to 250 grams.
Micro Greater than 250 grams and less than or equal to 2 kg.
Small Greater than 2 kg and less than or equal to 25 kg.
Medium Greater than 25 kg and less than or equal to 150 kg.
Large Greater than 150 kg.

Civil Aviation Requirements (CAR) is a set of regulations issued by the Directorate General of Civil Aviation (DGCA). The CAR on RPAS shall be effective from 1st December, 2018.

It is an online IT platform developed for handling UIN, UAOP applications, permission to fly RPAs in India. The link shall be available in Homepage of DGCA websitewww.dgca.nic.in, and it will be operational from 1st December, 2018.

Roles & responsibilities of govt. stakeholders on various aspects of operation of civil remotely piloted aircraft system

No. Stakeholder Responsibility
1. Directorate General of Civil Aviation

Import clearance

Issuance of UIN

Issuance & renewal of UAOP

Suspension / Cancellation of UIN & UAOP in case of violations of regulations.

2. Directorate General of Foreign Trade

Import license

3. Ministry of Home Affairs

Security clearance

4. Ministry of Defence

Permission for aerial survey/imageries/ videography/ still photography over the restricted/prohibited areas on case-tocase basis

5. Indian Air Force

Air Defence Clearance

Monitoring of RPA movements in thecountry

6. Wireless Planning and Coordination Wing, DoT

Equipment Type Approval (ETA) or License for RPA

7. Bureau of Civil Aviation Security

Approval of Security Programme

8. Airport Authority of India

Flight Plan Approval

Monitoring of RPA movements in the country

9. Local Police Office

Enforcement of violators as per applicable IPCs

  • Any entity intending to import RPAS in India shall obtain Equipment Type Approval (ETA) from WPC Wing, Department of Telecommunication for operating in de-licensed frequency band(s). Such approval shall be valid for a particular make and model.

  • The applicant, other than Nano category, shall apply to DGCA along with ETA for import clearance. Based upon the import clearance issued by DGCA, DGFT shall issue license for import of RPAS.

NPNT or ‘No Permission – No Take-off” is a software programme that enables every RPA (except Nano) to obtain a valid permissions through digital sky platform before operating in India. Please contact your OEM/ Manufacturer for complying with this requirement.

Controlled airspaceisairspaceof defined dimensions within which ATC services are provided.

Uncontrolled airspaceisairspacewhere an Air Traffic Control (ATC) service is not necessary or cannot be provided for practical reasons.

ETA from WPC Wing is required for all wireless equipment working in de-licensed frequency band(s) in India. Ensure to get ETA from the seller or manufacturer of RPA which is required to be uploaded while applying for UIN.

RPAs are restricted items and can’t be carried in hand baggage.

Instructions for filing all applications online shall be available in Digital Sky Manual. The Manual will be available in DGCA website homepagewww.dgca.nic.in, and also in the Digital Sky portal homepage. The Digital sky manual shall be available in the above mentioned website from 1st December, 2018.

Foreigners are currently not allowed to fly RPAs in India. For commercial purpose, they need to lease RPAS to an Indian entity who in-turn will obtain Unique Identification Number (UIN) and UAOP from DGCA.

UIN is unique identification number issued by DGCA for a particular RPA (except Nano).

  • For UIN: - One thousand Indian Rupees (Rs.1000/-).
  • For fresh UAOP:- Twenty Five Thousand Rupees (Rs.25,000/-)
  • For Renewal of UAOP:- Ten Thousand Rupees (Rs.10,000/-)

You will be prompted for payment through payment Gateway in the Digital Sky Platform.


The link for paying the fees is https://bharatkosh.gov.in/.You need to mention the transaction receipt number and upload copy of the payment receipt in Digital Sky Platform at the time of your application.

After you have been issued with UIN for a particular RPA; engrave it on a fire resistant plate and firmly affix on your RPA. Ensure the number remains affixed to the aircraft during routine handling and all operating conditions and is readily accessible and legible upon close visual inspection.

For Nano, no UIN is required. However, for micro category and above, UIN is required.

UAOP is Unmanned Aircraft Operator Permit.

All operators other than exempted categories mentioned below are required to obtain UAOP from DGCA:-

  • Operators of Nano &Micro category in uncontrolled airspace/ enclosed premises upto 50ft and 200ft respectively

  • RPA operated by NTRO, ARC, and Central Intelligence Agencies.

Five years

Same format is used for issue /renewal of UAOP through Digital Sky app. However,please note you will need fresh security clearance from MHA.

The operator of all RPA except Nano RPA will notify any incident/accident involving RPA to the Director of Air Safety, DGCA through Digital Sky Platform.

Please lodge FIR immediately in local police and report occurrence in Digital Sky along with a copy of FIR.

No. The operator has to apply for fresh UIN.

RPAS if issued with UIN, cannot be transferred or disposed-off without permission from DGCA. You are required for cancellation of UIN and the buyer has to apply for fresh UIN through Digital Sky Platform.

Foreign Entity has to lease their RPAS to the Indian Entity. The Indian entity shall apply for UIN and UAOP. Remote Pilot (if a foreign national) should be security cleared. Foreigners are currently not allowed to fly RPAs in India.

For Security clearance, apply as per the form available in the CAR on RPAS or Use “ESahaj– Online portal for processing security clearance applications” available in DGCA homepagewww.dgca.nic.in

Nano RPA (less than 250 gm) is exempted from obtaining UIN and UAOP. Please ensure not to fly it beyond 50 ft (15m) AGL. Also, ensure you are not flying in controlled airspace and no other manned or unmanned aircraft is flying nearby. If operations to be done in controlled airspace you need to apply for UIN, UAOP and your RPA shall be NPNT complaint. It is recommended to fly in uncontrolled airspace/ enclosed premises and go through Do’s and Don’ts every time before you fly.

  • You need to obtain UIN.

  • You will not require an UAOP if you are flying your RPA below 200 ft (60m) AGL in uncontrolled airspace/ enclosed premises. However, you shall intimate the local police office at least 24 hours prior to conduct of actual operations.

  • Your RPA needs to NPNT compliant and you have to obtain permission through digital sky before flying.

For Nano, no UIN is required. However, for micro category and above, UIN is required.

If you have a micro RPA, flying within enclosed premises and below 200ft then; you need to apply for UIN and to intimate local police before operating your RPA.You will require UAOP and NPNT if you are flying in controlled airspace.

Also ensure, no other manned or unmanned aircraft is flying nearby.

Not allowed as of now

Not allowed as of now

No, as of now but you need to undergo minimum training requirements specified in the Civil Aviation Requirements on “Requirements for Operation of Civil RPAS”.

You should have attained 18 years of age, having passed 10th exam in English, and undergone training at DGCA approved flying training organisation (FTO).

All individuals / operators (except Nano), shall maintain records of each RPA flight records and should be produced on demand by DGCA.

All RPA holders shall maintain maintenance records and, should be able to produce on demand by DGCA.

Flying RPA upto 400 ft. AGL and visual line of sight are allowed. However, you need to have the following equipment installed on your RPAs:

  1. GNSS (GPS) for horizontal and vertical position fixing

  2. Autonomous Flight Termination System or Return Home (RH) option

  3. Flashing anti-collision strobe lights

  4. RFID and GSM SIM Card/ NPNT compliant for APP based real time tracking

  5. Fire resistant identification plate inscribed with UIN

  6. Flight Controller with flight data logging capacity.

  7. SSR transponder (Mode ‘C’ or ‘S’) or ADS-B OUT equipment

  8. Barometric equipment with capability for remote sub-scale setting

  9. Geo-fencing capability

  10. Detect and Avoid capability

SOP or standard operating procedure is a catalogue of procedures that is agreed between prospective UAOP holder and DGCA for safe operation of RPAs in India.

Generally 450m (unaided) in Visual Meteorological Conditions (VMC) with a minimum ground visibility of 5 km.

All RPA operations are restricted to day light and within visual line of sight. However, if you are shooting in well-lit enclosed premises using micro RPA upto 200 ft. AGL is allowable. Ensure your RPA is NPNT compliant and issued with UIN. Also, you need to inform local police before flying.

Ensure that you follow Do’s and Don’ts and respect individuals’ privacy.

No. But there is no harm in keeping your local police office informed. In addition, please go through Do’s and Don’ts before flying your Nano RPA each time.

RPAS can be used for agricultural purpose except for the purpose of spraying pesticides until specifically cleared.

Carriage of explosives, animal or human payload are not allowed at this instance. Nevertheless, you can test your RPAs with dummy on any of the test sites specified in the CAR.

Areas over which flying a RPA is prohibited/ restricted. Please go through the list of RPA zones in Civil Aviation Requirements.

You need to keep at least 25 km distance from international border which includes Line of Control (LoC), Line of Actual Control (LAC) and Actual Ground Position Line (AGPL).

Flying RPA over no-RPA zone is prohibited. However, DGCA may authorize such operations on case-to-case basis subject to approval of MoD.

DGCA may authorise such operation on case-to-case basis subject to adequate justification is provided by you for safe conduct of RPAS operation. Please note, DGCA may impose additional conditions for permitting such operations.

In addition, you may test your RPA in the test sites specified in the Civil Aviation Requirements.

DGCA has not stipulated any requirement on minimum amount of insurance for any category of RPA. It should be of an adequate amount to cover the risks, damages or other factors that is posed by operation of RPA. Further, it is an agreement between the insurance company and you (the policy holder).

In case of violation of the rules and regulations for RPAs, the UIN/UAOP issued by DGCA shall be suspended/cancelled.

Violation of compliance to any of the requirements and falsification of records/documents shall attract penal action including imposition of penalties as per applicable IPCs (such as 287, 336, 337, 338 or any relevant section of IPC) or Aircraft Act 1934 or Aircraft Rules 1937 or any statutory provisions.

You can lodge your grievance inwww.pgportal.gov.in

You can file flight plan online through Digital Sky Platform. Procedure for filing flight plan is available in Digital Sky Manual. The link for the Digital Sky Platform/ Manual shall be available in Homepage of DGCA website www.dgca.nic.in, and it will be operational from 1st December, 2018.

For import:
Sh. S. P. Roy, Joint DGFT, DGFT,
Phone: 011-2306 2240
Email: shyama.roy@nic.in

For ETA:
Sh. Bhagirath, Sr. DWA, WPC, DoT,
Phone: 011-2373 1488
Email: bhagirath.32@gov.in